Macadamia integrifolia, commonly called macadamia nut, is a large, spreading broadleaf evergreen tree that typically grows to 30-50′ tall. It is native to rainforests in southeastern Queensland, Australia. This tree was first introduced to Hawaii in 1837.
Flowers are followed by the nuts. Each creamy white nut is encased in a hard, smooth, shiny shell. Shells are so hard that they cannot be opened by hand nutcrackers.
Commercial fruits are opened by powerful husking machines. Although macadamia is native to Australia, Hawaii generally receives credit for developing the macadamia nut industry.
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