Cardamom s one of the oldest known spices in the world. Evergreen forests of Western Ghats of South India are considered as the centre of origin as well as natural habitat of cardamom. Cardamom is a typical ginger-type plant except that it is huge, standing as much as 12 ft tall. The leaves are smooth and dark green above, silky and paler beneath. They taper to an acute point. The fruits are thin-walled, smooth-skinned, oblong, greenish capsules about 1-2 cm long. Each contains 15-20 aromatic reddish brown seeds.
Cardamom pods are common in Indian cooking. Cardamon has well-established medicinal and culinary values, and is used in a wide range of sweets and confectionery.